What is door access control?
Door access control is a security measure that allows authorized personnel to enter a building or restricted area while keeping unauthorized individuals out. Doors fitted with electronic access control systems require users to present a valid credential, such as a key card or code, in order to unlock the door. These systems can also track when and who enters and exits the premises, providing valuable data for security purposes.
Door access control systems are used in a variety of settings, from office buildings and schools to residential complexes and gated communities. Furthermore, they provide a higher level of security than traditional locks and keys. As a result, they can deter crime and unauthorized entry. When used in combination with other security measures, such as CCTV and alarms, door access control systems can create a very secure environment.
Door Access Control Types
Mandatory Access Control (MAC)
Mandatory Access Control (MAC) is the most secure option. As a result, its commonly used by the military and other government agencies. Furthermore, MAC users do not have the authority to change their license to allow or deny access to entire rooms of the facility. The settings are configured by the system administrator, who decides which users have access to which doors.
Role Based Access Control (RBAC)
Role based access control (RBAC) is a security model that defines permissions for users based on their roles within an organization. RBAC can be used to restrict access to systems, applications, and data.
RBAC is typically implemented using a combination of software and hardware controls. The software controls help to ensure that only authorized users can access the systems, applications,
Discretionary Access Control (DAC)
Discretionary access control (DAC) is the most common option for most businesses. DAC is a great option as it allows business owners to control which employee has access to certain arears on campus. Each entry point has an Access Control List (ACL) containing groups or individual employees who are allowed to enter.
Rule based Access Control?
Rule based access control is a type of discretionary access control (DAC) that uses role-based access control (RBAC). In this method, each user is assigned a set of roles, and each role is allowed to perform certain actions. For example, a user in the HR department might have the roles of “employee” and “manager”. The “employee” role would be allowed to access employee permitted areas , while the “manager” role would be allowed to access both employee and manager permitted areas.
What are the benefits of using discretionary access control?
DAC provides a high degree of flexibility, as businesses can easily add or remove users from groups, and change which groups have access to which areas. This flexibility can be vital in a rapidly changing business environment. Additionally, DAC is often simpler to implement than other access control methods, such as role-based access control (RBAC).
What are the disadvantages of discretionary access control?
The main drawback of DAC is that it can be difficult to manage in a large or complex organization. If there are many groups and many areas on campus, it can be hard to keep track of who has access to what. Additionally, DAC does not provide any way to enforce separation of duties (SoD), which means that one user could potentially have too much control over sensitive data.
Mechatronic Access Control
Mechatronic access control means the use of electronic or electromechanical devices to authorize access to a facility or secure area.
This type of control system is becoming more and more popular due to their reliability and flexibility. A mechatronic access control system typically consists of a controller, readers, and locks. Furthermore, The controller is responsible for managing access requests and communicating with the other components of the system. Readers are used to identify authorized users and grant them access to the secured area. Locks are used to physically prevent unauthorized access.
Mechatronic access control systems can be used in a variety of applications, including residential, commercial, and industrial settings. Residential applications include home security systems and gated communities.
Biometric Door Access Control Systems
Biometric door access control systems use physical or behavioural characteristics to identify authorised users. Common examples of biometric traits include fingerprints, iris patterns, and hand geometry.
Biometric door access control systems are more secure than traditional systems because they cannot be easily bypassed. Additionally, biometric door access control systems can provide a higher degree of accountability, as they can track who accessed a secured area and when.